OECD raises red flag about Canada's 'stagnating productivity,' blaming tax burden and regulations
A messy tangle of regulatory requirements and growing tax burden in Canada continues to hinder private sector productivity, with policy dysfunction weighing particularly heavily on small businesses, according to a new study.
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) released a report Monday that found âstagnating productivity and weak business dynamism are a concernâ in Canada, due to a host of regulatory and financing shortfalls.
So-called âentrepreneurial dynamismâ refers to the ability for new small businesses to enter the market and force out older and weaker firms. The OECD found that Canada has the highest number of older firms among 15 other developed countries, with business dynamism gradually waning since the 1980s.
âBarriers to foreign direct investment and the regulatory protection of incumbents a re higher [in Canada] than in many other countries,â the report said, adding that governments should focus on âreducing market failures and better harmonizing provincial legislation.â
Obstacles in inter-provincial trade are particularly troublesome for small companies, the report said. Costs tied to complying with varying regulations in each province amount to the equivalent of a five-to-15 per cent tariff for smaller firms, compared to less than five per cent for larger firms.
Air transport, courier services and telecommunications were deemed to be the most in need of reform, largely due to caps on foreign investment. The report also said a lack of interconnectedness between provinces in the electrical grid âis largely a result of geography and the uneven distribution of the population, but it also reflects regulatory fragmentation.â
Observers say policy shortcomings underlie a deeper challenge facing smaller businesses in Canada.
âThere are some market distortions that need to be dealt with,â said Ted Mallett, vice-president and chief economist at the Canadian Federation of Independent Business, which represents over 11,000 firms.
Policy failures come in addition to a complicated tax regime that is difficult for small businesses to navigate. Small companies tend to be more burdened by added administrative costs than larger ones, Mallett said.
The CFIB was particularly critical of a move by Canadaâs Finance department last year to limit some tax breaks for small businesses, and has suggested Canada instead focus on a broader market reform to reduce administrative costs across the board.
âWe wish the clock could be rolled back a year, and pre-empt the previous approach the government wanted to take,â Mallet said of Ottawaâs small business tax reform last year.
After an uproar, the federal government promised to lower the small business tax rate in coming years to nine per cent from the curre nt level of 10.5 per cent.
Business investment in innovation in Canada has continued to lag other countries. The OECD found that business spending on research and development is below the OECD average at 0.8 per cent of GDP, despite public spending on R&D above the OECD average (also 0.8 per cent of GDP). Business investment in the U.S. is roughly two per cent of GDP.
Canadian small business is also slow to adopt new information and communications technologies, with only 13.4 per cent of companies using resource planning software in 2015. Adoption rates among small firms in Germany was much higher in Germany (50 per cent) and Belgium (44 per cent).Source: Google News Canada | Netizen 24 Canada